Singapore System of Academic Grading

Singapore’s education system, like that of the majority of countries around the world, is divided into stages. These are the stages:

The remaining educational levels have their own assessments to judge students’ academic performance, with the exception of Preschool education, which does not have an examination. As a result, grades are assigned. The grading method differs, however, because each school stage has its own assessment system. The most important grading systems in the education system are those employed at the primary, secondary, junior college, and university levels.

Grading System for the Primary Level

Previously, primary schools in Singapore used an “Achievement Band” grading system. However, the method has been phased out, and the grading scheme has been replaced with a more favorable “Overall Grade” plan. Students are graded according to this system:

Primary 3 to 4

 GradePercentage
 Band 1 85% and above
 Band 2 70% to 84%
 Band 3 50% to 69%
 Band 4 Below 50%

Primary 5 to 6 standard stream

 Grade Percentage
 A* 91% and above
 A 75% to 90%
 B 60% to 74%
 C 50% to 59%
 D 35% to 49%
 E 20% to 34%
 U Below 20%

Primary 5 to 6 foundation stream (PSLE)

 Grade Percentage
 Grade 1 85% and above
 Grade 2 70% to 84%
 Grade 3 50% to 69%
 Grade 4 30% to 49%
 U Below 30%

System of Secondary Level Grading

Secondary schools in Singapore utilize a variety of grading schemes. However, the majority of Secondary Schools use the Singapore-Cambridge GCE “O” level examination grading scheme. The greatest possible grade under this grading system is A1, while the lowest possible grade is F9. The many types of grading in Singapore secondary schools are listed below.

Singapore-Cambridge GCE “O” Level Examination

 GradePercentage  Grade Description
 A1 75% and above Distinction
 A2 70% to 74% Distinction
 B3 65% to 69% Merit
 B4 60% to 64% Merit
 C5 55% to 59% Credit
 C6 50% to 54% Credit
 D7 45% to 49% Sub-Pass/Fail
 E8 40% to 44% Fail
 F9 Below 40% Fail

GPA
Grade Point Average, or GPA as it is more widely called in Singapore, is used to grade pupils in exams in several Secondary Schools. It’s computed by summing all of the student’s grades and then dividing the total by the number of topics he or she takes. The GPA is calculated by rounding the result to two decimal points. Promotion usually necessitates a minimum GPA of 2.0.

The GPA is frequently different from one school to the next. The GPA tables for Raffles Girls’ School and Raffles Institution (Secondary) are as follows:

Though GPA varies from one school to the next, the differences are modest.

 Grade PercentageGrade point
 A 80% to 100% 4.0
 A 70% to 79% 3.6
 B 65% to 69% 3.2
 B 60% to 64% 2.8
 C 55% to 59% 2.4
 C 50% to 54% 2.0
 D 45% to 49%1.6
 E 40% to 44% 1.2
 F Below 40% 0.8

Though GPA differs from school to school, but the difference is minor.

Normal (Academic) {NA} Levels Grades

 Grade Percentage
 1 75% and above
 2 70% to 74%
 3 65% to 69%
 4 60% to 64%
 5 50% to 59%
 U Below 50%, considered Un-graded, or failed.

Normal (Technical) {NT} Levels Grades

 Grade Percentage
 A 70% and above
 B 65% to 69%
 C60% to 64%
 D 50% to 59%
 U Below 50%, considered Un-graded, or failed.

O Levels Grades

 Grade Percentage
 A1 75% and above
 A2 70% to 74%
 B3 65% to 69%
 B4 60% to 64%
 C5 55% to 59%
 C6 50% to 54%
 D7 45% to 49%
 E8 40% to 44%
 F9 Below 40%

Grades D7, E8, and F9 are all considered failing grades.
A Merit, a Pass, or an Ungraded grade may be given to students taking Mother Tongue Syllabus B.

Secondary School Grading Methods

Secondary schools in Singapore are the country’s first educational institutions to use an “Overall Grade” grading system for academic disciplines. Secondary school grading systems range from a single grading system to a mixed grading system.

The minimal GPA required for admission to a local institution is 3.5-3.8; however, this varies by course. The minimum GPA requirement for an international university is 2.0-3.0, which is slightly lower than the requirement for a local university.

The mixed grading system denotes that some subjects follow one grading system while others follow a separate grading system.

It’s worth noting that non-academic topics like Religious Knowledge, Moral Education, and Music are graded using the A, B, C, or D alphabetical grading system.

Grading System for Junior College

 Grade Percentage
 A 70% and above
 B 60% to 69%
 C 55% to 59%
 D 50% to 54%
 E 45% to 49% (passing grade)
 S 35% to 44% (denotes standard is at AO level only), grade N in the British A Levels.
 U 35% and below

In addition, students who participate in Special Papers (which were last presented in2006) are given a grade of 1 (Distinction), 2 (Merit), or U. (Unclassified).

Students that take H3 Subjects (which were first offered in 2006) will receive a Distinction, Merit, Pass, or Ungraded.

Polytechnics Grading System

 GradePercentage Grade Description Grade Point
 AD  Distinction (Top 5% score in the subject) 4.0
 A 80% and above Excellent 4.0
 B 75% to 79% Very good 3.5
 B 70% to 74% Good 3.0
 C 65% to 69% Above Average 2.5
 C 60% to 64% Average 2.0
 D 55% to 59% Pass 1.5
 D 50% to 54% Borderline pass 1.0
 F Less than 50% Fail 0

For entrance into a local university, the minimum GPA required is 3.5-3.8; however, it varies from course to course. As for the overseas universities, the minimum GPA required is 2.0-3.0; the criterion is slightly lower than that of the local university. Check out our university assignment tutoring here.

University Level Grading System

 Grade Scale Grade Description
 I 70% and above First Class Honors
 II 65% to 69% Second Class Honors, First Division
 II60% to 64% Second Class Honors, Second Division
 III 50% to 59% Third Class Honors
 Less than 50% 

At various levels of schooling in Singapore, various grading systems are used. Even within the same stage, the grading system may differ from one stream to the next. This page gives an overview of the many grading systems used in Singapore’s educational system. 

To learn more about the education system in Singapore, check out this link

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